CALLS FOR SOLUTION IN CYPRUS

27/11/2016



The action plan declared by Turkey is generally welcomed, apart form the Greek side. The Council of Europe’s Parliamentary Assembly, the EU and the UK have welcomed the action plan in question. Turkey proposes the removal of the commercial restrictions and isolation on the North as the key for a comprehensive solution to the deadlock in Cyprus. The British Foreign Minister Jack Straw, who paid visits to the Island, Ankara and Athens to make a number of contacts with the parties of the Cyprus issue, discussed the possibility of reconsidering the Annan plan. Straw visited Mehmet Ali Talat, the President of the TRNC (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus), in his office and he, therefore, became the target of the Greeks’ anger. He gave the message they expect a progress in the Cyprus issue and provided his support to the Turkish proposals. The factor, which came to the forefront in this visit, was the emphasis put by Straw on the lack of dialogue between two sides. The Cyprus issue is steadily put on the agenda in the process of Turkey’s membership to the EU and the Greek administration considers it as a subject of veto. The problems within the EU, which stem from the Cyprus issue, are stated by the words of Straw saying that: “No-one benefits from the deadlock in Cyprus”. In addition, the EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn stated that nobody had interest in the current status quo in the Island and that the Commission of EU was in the favor of creating a comprehensive solution to the Cyrus issue as soon as possible under the UN. It is necessary to make an assessment by taking into account the fact that the Greeks have not made any attempt, till now, to remove the consideration by the EU and UN that the Greeks do not favor a solution. The recent development that is being discussed within the EU is the resignation of the Cyprus Reporter of the Council of Europe’s Parliamentary Assembly of Matyas Eorsi due to no cooperation of the Greeks and their steady hindering the visits to the Island. On the other side, it is stated that the memorandum, which was prepared by Eorsi for his report, included the fact that the Cypriote Greek side does not favor a solution and the accusations that they use the EU to get benefits from the Annan Plan. Also, the declaration signed by 70 parliamentarians from the Council of Europe’s Parliamentary Assembly and the statements made by Robert Wexler from the US Congress and Ed Whitfield from the Republican Party gave place to the calls for the solution in Cyprus and the removal of isolation. All the sides concerning the Cyprus issue are waiting tensely for the step the Greeks will make. The US Ambassador in Ankara Ross Wilson stresses that the success of the Turkish proposals will depend on the steps the Cypriote Greek side will take. However, the base on which the Greek side wants to take step still remains uncertain. The conditions and changes demanded by Papadopulos –including the demand of no restriction - about the Annan Plan he rejected, lead the UN, USA and UK to think that the Cyprus issue will be dragged to a never-ending dialogue. Because, the demands of the Greek side mean to turn a blind eye to the last version of the Plan. The reactions to the policy followed by Papadopulos do not come only from the sides mentioned above. Even in the Greek and Cypriote Greek press, the reactions against Papadopulos are clearly stated. In an article by Rihardos Someritis published on January 29, 2006 in the Greek newspaper of To Vima, it is said that: “even today, Papadopulos is not able to submit a certain proposal. He conducts a policy reinforcing the impression that he continues his tendency that does not wish the solution of federation set forth since 1975. The federation does not mean to deliver the power to the majority by accepting some guaranties for the “minority”. It means the participation of the all ethnical groups in the country to the power. The majority of the Cypriote Greeks has no intention to share, even to little extent, the power in the Island with the Turks; but they do not say what they want at all. The Cypriotes and Greeks, from now on we should take the decision about what we want”. On January 27, 2006, it is said in an article called “Diplomacy of Immobility” and published in the Eleftherotipia Newspaper that: “Even though almost two years passed after the referendum, nobody could understand what Mr. Papadopulos wants”. The proposals of Turkey comply with the suggestions made by Annan in 2004. The report, which was prepared by Annan in May 2004, but could not pass the Security Council due to the Russian obstacle, indicates that the Cypriote Turks have a stance favoring the solution and the isolation against them should, therefore, be alleviated and called on the international institutions and countries to act in the line of this target. This report highlights the thesis saying that the deadlock in the Cyprus issue can be solved through the negotiations. The idea that the Cyrus issue can be dealt through the negotiations is an idea appreciated in the international public opinion. And the way going to the negotiations is the removal of isolation put on the North. The solution is well known, but it cannot be implemented. The unanswered calls for the solution, however, will cause the Cyprus issue to become more and more chronic.
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