The Background of Caucasus lies in Kosovo There was one question everybody was wondering the answer for in the days when Kosovo’s independence was being discussed: “Would Kosovo set an example?” The answer for this question might change the maps in many corners of the world. Some said “yes” and some said “no” in a bid o answer that question. But it is obvious now that discussion on an answer is unnecessary now because Kosovo did set up an example. In this article, there is Cyprus, Transnistra, Karabagkh, Serbian Republic in Kosovo, Palestine, Abhkazia and South Ossetia. There are some others too. There is Basque probably. Kosovo was not the end of a process but the start of a new, hard, probably bloody but obviously a long process… Diplomacy is known as the art of managing problems. Target in diplomacy is ending or continuing problems in a way that will not need weapons. There are two statements often used by diplomats. The first one is “bad example is not an example”, or in a more openly saying, “all incidents are evaluated with their own conditions”. It is a principle in law, which says “one can not defend himself by pointing some individuals who escaped without penalty after committing the same crime”. The second one is “the view that a development constitutes an example”. A development occurs, and for some other developments to follow experience gained from the previous one is benefited from; it is shown as an example. A practice and a tradition emerge. Just like the “case law” concept in law. “Case law “is a decision taken by a court on a matter that was not regulated by law, by taking a previous decision on s similar matter by another court. The most important characteristic of it is the binding nature of the courts. There is a similar binding nature in diplomacy too. The aim blesses the method… How compatible these two contradicting situation in fact are was voiced by Cardinal Richelieu on “Vestfalia Peace” in 1648: The aim is blessed by the method! Sometimes the public is told, “Rome was not built overnight” or sometimes “Berlin was divided overnight”. Whatever your aim is, you can juxtapose the sentences that would go with it after flicking the pages of your books. “Kosovo’s independence was a mistake” will be the sentence in the future. Kosovo became a state with a “unilateral declaration of independence”. In the Caucasus, a similar process goes on. Many societies saw Kosovo as a light of hope. Abhkazia and South Ossetia used this light of hope. Chechnya in Russia, Taiwan and Tibet in China, Turkish, Macedonian and Albanian minorities in Greece, Basque region in Spain and Hungarians in Romania are watching the process in quiet, because Angela Merkel’s remark “Kosovo would not set an example” did not qualify as a right one. Merkel was thinking that the situation in Kosovo was unique to Kosovo but Russians, Abhkazs and Ossetians did not think the same. The truth is, what is important is not being “right” but “powerful”. The mighty decided in the Caucasus just like in Kosovo. Russia’s permanent representative in NATO, ambassador Dimitriy Rogozin’s taking Georgian Head of State Michail Saakashvili for Gavrilo Princip, who had killed Austro-Hungarian heir Prince Ferdinand in 1914 includes significant references. Russia is technologically behind the USA. Its economy is comparatively weaker. But they are not empty handed. They have nuclear weapons, army and energy resources. When Kremlin’s stance is considered, it is seen that Moscow, in the near future, will become a leader who will be able to apply an energy embargo or boycott that would shoot the world economy in forehead. Thus, if Kosovo did not have the independence unilaterally, the problem would not become what it is now. Moreover, Russia would not have the opportunity to follow the same path.