THE ONLY WAY TO SOLVE THE QUESTION OF KOSOVO: ''OTTOMAN PEACE''

27/11/2016



 Kosovo can be mentioned in great lengths if the future history books hold a section on “greatest blunders in history” or “the dissolve of the West.” Kosova’s owner Serbia doesn’t want to leave these lands. Spokesperson for the ruling Democrat Party in Serbia, Branislav Risitvojevic said they rejected the division of Kosovo either which was brought up by negotiators. Representing the EU in talks, Ambassador Wolfgang Ischinger, after the talks said if Serbia and Kosovo can’t come to an agreement within themselves, EU membership for them would be impossible. The ambassador had also said that if no agreement is struck, Kosovo would divide in two between Albanians and Serbians. However Chris Patten, former European commissioner for external relations wrote in the Boston Globe Daily in the US that there was a different way to look at the status situation from the standpoint of the US and EU. Patten said in regards of the Serbian government being against the independence of Kosovo by saying: “Despite Belgrade' adamant rhetoric demanding Kosovo remain a part of Serbia, the Serbian authorities have never offered any proposal as to how the Albanian population of the breakaway province would ever again actually live under a Serb wing.” He goes on as follows: ” The bottom line is that Pristine demands nothing short of independence and Belgrade refuses that, so the new troika will end up where Ahtisaari did: stalemate between the parties and the need for the UN Security Council to cast the deciding vote. Given the Kosovo people' overwhelming desire to be free from the state that tried to eliminate them and the lack of any realistic alternative from Belgrade, the international community has little choice but to give Kosovo its independence.” If the sides in Kosovo don’t change their attitude, one of two things will happen: Either Kosovo will remain in Serbia and the Albanian who were given the hope of independence will live a miserable life or Kosovo will break away from Serbia and then there is a infinite variety of scenarios possible from that point on. In the meantime, a troika made up of the European Union, United States, and Russia will be forced to begin a new round of negotiations over Kosovo' status with Serbian and Pristine officials. The expectation from one country to give up parts of her land to members of her origin with aid from the international community is very pride hurting. In the meantime, US has been following a harsher route but the EU is trying to keep a balance between US, Russia and Serbia. When one considers that Germany has been adapting to today’s conditions on an opposite path with the US and Russia, the group’s advantage would be to leave aside historical differences in Kosovo and concentrate on a solution to fit the current day. Even though Germany represents the European Union in the group, EU is not in a policy within the group on Kosovo to fit all sides. It is also a fact that not all EU countries have been wishing to follow a path to exclude Russia. For this reason it must be realised that Germany, who is representing the European Union is a party divided in many pieces, in a group that is already divided in three. Ironically, it is not only frightening but also scary that EU representative in the troika, Wolfgang Ischinger has said that if a solution isn’t found to the problem, this will be the responsibility of the Kosovo Albanians and Serbia. Because Serbians have just as much to do as Kosovo Albanians in what the situation came to today. If the international voices couldn’t find a solution in the 8 years following the Kosovo war, they shouldn’t blame other parties for their failures. Whatever the reason, parties who are involved in the Kosovo situation shouldn’t overlook a fact for the benefit of Kosovo in the future. A resolution on Kosovo’s independence was met with Russian obstruction in the UN Security Council. This means that as long as there is Russian obstruction in the UN Security Council, a solution will be impossible in the UN Security Council for the future of Kosovo. At the same time, Serbia is not expected to pay the price of an instalment of EU prospects in the form of a piece of her own land. If this were the expectation, it would’ve been taken from her in the past 8 years. Kosovo Albanians have waited eight years for the international community to pull them out of international legal limbo and resolve their status. This is because of humanitarian reasons. Albanians don’t want to live any more tragedies and don’t want the future generations to live them either. Anyone defending the security of the international community should take into account two facts. One of this is that any instability will increase the risk of insecurity and the other is that any stable solution will increase security in the region. The worst idea would be to divide Kosovo. This project will only create more problems. EU representative Wolfgang Ischinger said that division was one of the ideas in the solution of Kosovo with the border along with Ivar river, which is going to cause for some religious artefacts of Serbians to remain on the Albanian side and for some Albanian areas to remain on the Serbian side. In this case, what should be discussed is the amount of pressure to put on Serbians or the aid to be provided to Albanians. 8 years went by, no solutions came about. In light of that, sides should be pushed to reach a solution and a compromise. At this time it is important to state the Ottoman “State System.” This system might satisfy all parties. State System: “The Ottoman Empire would protect the states it acquired under an umbrella, bringing them Ottoman Peace, leave their identity and beliefs, and force everyone to respect individual freedoms. İlber Ortaylı says the following on the state system: “This is a compartment system and people were members of compartments in religion that they would fight for. States could grant their own people religion, sovereignty, cultural and administrative cooperation.” (This explanation on the State System is from İsmail Çolak’s April 2007 article on “What was the secret of the Ottomans?”)
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